What is Behavior? What is a Behavioral Program? Konrad Lorenz’s Discoveries and His Answers

383231995_58719bb1d6_mKonrad Lorenz was a biologist who became a behaviorist and received the Nobel Prize in 1974. When I read his book “Behind the Mirror” in 1988 I expected to see his teachings being taught in schools, but unfortunately, until today many people have ignored his discoveries.

He studied the behavior of all animals for many years, and he related his studies to the studies and the discoveries of many other biologists. His book and his research are fascinating! Lorenz is the best scientist I’ve ever found in my life!

Thanks to his explanations I could finally understand the two books that composed the Symposium of Alpbach, where many scientists from different fields congregated, were discussing their most important conclusions, and trying to find in them similarities that could help everyone have a clearer notion about our world and about the meaning of life.

These two volumes were very interesting, but too complicated for an ignorant person like me. However, thanks to the very clear lessons of Konrad Lorenz, to my own surprise, when I read the books of the symposium again, I suddenly started understanding everything.

If you are not familiar with scientific terms, you cannot really understand anything…

The same happened to me when I started reading Carl Jung’s books. I had to read everything many times, and read at the same time many other scientific subjects, in order to understand everything.

Now I’m an expert, but I know how complicated this aspect is for people that ignore scientific terms. This is why this article will be written in a very simple manner. I’m writing it for people that don’t know what behavioral programs could be, and live far from the biologists’ world.

- Behavior is the aggregate of responses to internal and external stimuli (dictionary.com). In other words, it is a collection of reactions of certain organisms, depending on the internal or on the external stimuli it has.

What is a stimulus? It is an object, animal, event, danger or whatever, that provokes a certain reaction to an organism. According to dictionary.com, it is “something that incites to action or exertion or quickens action, feeling, thought, etc.”

- The Behavioral Program is a collection of responses, which follow successively one the other, forming a chain of reactions.

In other words, the organism follows a sequence: when stimulus A appears in its environment, it has reaction 1, then reaction 2, 3 and 4. It has such behavior each time stimulus A appears.

So, the reactions 1,2,3 and 4 form a behavioral program.

For example, when an enemy appears, the animal:

1. Runs,
2. Goes to its refuge,
3. Stays there until it feels that the danger is over,
4. Checks after leaving its refugee in order to verify if the enemy is near.

This behavior is pre-determined. This animal is going to follow this behavioral program each time that stimulus A appears in its environment, without hesitation.

Lorenz discovered that there are too many behavioral programs determining the behavior of each animal in various situations, including the human being.

There are behavioral programs in our cognitive mechanism for each stimulus of our huge environment, which means that they are not formed only in order to guarantee our survival.

Now, what can you conclude, since you know that you follow many behavioral programs, without paying attention to what you are doing? You are simply having a series of reactions automatically, without questioning them.

In the case of the irrational animals, the behavioral programs are always protective, but in the case of the human being, they represent animal reactions that are not correspondent to his cultural level.

There are many other conclusions that you should take.

Another one would be of course to wonder: how could these behavioral programs be formed? Are they the result of the experiences of the animal with time, which were taught from generation to generation to the newer animals of the same species?

This is not possible, because these programs are instinctive: they are inherited. If it wasn’t this way, an animal wouldn’t have time to learn anything: its enemies would kill it before it would have the chance to learn how to defend itself, or it would starve before learning how to find food.

Since these programs were formed in the animal’s cognitive mechanism before it was born, this means that they were organized in the animal’s cognitive mechanism somehow. This organization could not have happened by chance, because what is well organized is the result of calculation.

Lorenz didn’t give an answer to this question.

I concluded that the behavioral programs are created by a superior brain, the same brain that sends us wise messages in dreams, because I continued Carl Jung’s research into the unknown region of the human psyche through dream interpretation, verifying that the unconscious mind that produces our dreams has extraordinary intelligence and knowledge.

What do you think?

Christina Sponias continued Carl Jung’s research into the human psyche, discovering the cure for all mental illnesses, and simplifying the scientific method of dream interpretation that teaches you how to exactly translate the meaning of your dreams, so that you can find health, wisdom and happiness.

Learn more at: http://www.scientificdreaminterpretation.com

Click Here to download a Free Sample of the eBook Dream Interpretation as a Science (86 pages!).

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